WJEC GCSE Food and Nutrition: Revision Guide

Grade boost Learn these key words and use them in your written work as this will show you understand the question: Allergy Eatwell Guide Eight top tips Intolerances Lacto vegetarians Lacto-ovo vegetarians Vegans DIET AND GOOD HEALTH Target: I need to be able to understand and write about… Healthy eating guidelines What a ‘healthy’ diet is Religious beliefs Vegetarianism Special dietary needs Individual nutritional needs DIET AND GOOD HEALTH Extra information may be found in the textbook pages 45–67. 20 CORE KNOWLEDGE SECTION 1 CORE KNOWLEDGE Healthy diets A diet refers to the foods you eat. To have a healthy diet it must contain a good balance of all the necessary nutrients. If too much of one nutrient is eaten then the diet becomes unbalanced and possibly unhealthy, for example snacking on sweets and crisps might mean that you aren’t eating enough vegetables. To understand how to eat a healthy diet we need to understand the healthy eating guidelines. Healthy eating guidelines Research suggests that following the Eatwell Guide , the eight top tips for healthy eating, and including at least five fruits and vegetables in our diets, will help us to eat healthily. Increase our intake of fibre/NSP foods, vegetables and oily fish. REMEMBER THIS Reduce our intake of fat, sugar and salt. REMEMBER THIS 1 State the percentage of our food intake from: a) fruit and veg b) carbohydrates c) fats and oils. 2 Why don’t potatoes count towards our ‘five-a-day’? NUTS CHICK PEAS LENTILS LOW SUGAR BEANS 2% MILK SOYA MILK PITTA WHOLEGRAIN CEREAL BAGELS RICE MULTI-GRAIN BREAD PEAS FROZEN PLUM TOMATOES RAISINS Fruit and vegetables Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods Meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein Milk and dairy foods Food and drinks high in fat and/or sugar Oil and spreads