Eduqas GCSE Food Preparation and Nutrition sample

Grade boost Make sure you understand and can explain the meaning of ‘a balanced diet’. Can you state the Eatwell Guide percentage of fruit and vegetables and starchy foods? Can you state the di erence between an allergy and an intolerance? DIET AND GOOD HEALTH 21 Individual nutritional needs Our nutritional needs change according to our age , gender , activity levels and overall health . For example, a teenage boy’s dietary needs are di erent from an adult male builder; a middle-aged woman’s dietary needs are di erent from a pregnant woman’s; and a ‘couch potato’ has di erent dietary needs from Olympians Mo Farah and Nicola Adams. Special dietary needs Special dietary needs have to be considered when planning a menu, as the table below shows. 3 What happens if energy input and energy output are not the same? 4 Name a food unit of energy. 5 State two health e ects of an excessive intake of energy. 6 Name two dietary related diseases. The body cannot absorb protein found in wheat, rye, barley and some oats. Bread, biscuits, cakes and sauces cannot be eaten without causing abdominal pain. The body lacks iron, which is needed for red blood cell production. Red meat and green, leafy vegetables will help increase iron levels. The body has become insulin resistant and cannot utilise the glucose produced by carbohydrates; this can result in amputations of limbs and blindness. To help prevent type 2 diabetes follow the healthy eating guidelines, exercise and control your weight. The body develops raised blood pressure, high cholesterol and blocked arteries leading to heart disease. To help prevent this take more exercise, stop smoking, control your weight and follow the healthy eating guidelines. The body takes in more energy than is used. The spare energy is stored under the skin and around the organs in a fatty layer. To prevent this exercise regularly, eat lots of vegetables, fruit and complex carbohydrate, and drastically reduce fatty and sugary foods. A diet should contain foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. Regular exercise also helps bones to become stronger. Teeth – a good cleaning regime is needed and sweet foods and zzy drinks should only be consumed on rare occasions. A food allergy can be serious – it might cause death; for example, peanuts and shell sh. Intolerances , such as lactose and gluten, are not life threatening but will cause unpleasant symptoms. COELIAC DISEASE ANAEMIA DIABETES TYPE 2 OBESITY FOOD ALLERGIES AND INTOLERANCES BONE AND DENTAL HEALTH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE SPECIAL DIETARY NEEDS SECTION 1 RAFT